Cuban boy performs cartwheel on Varadero beach.
Updated Wed 4 Aug 2021

Cubans welcome US visitors into their hearts and homes

2021 Legal Cuba travel for Americans

Since 1997, we’ve distilled ever-changing, often mind-boggling US-Cuba travel regulations. From Cuba travel openings by presidents Carter, Clinton, and Obama to clawbacks under G.W. Bush and brutal clampdowns by Trump, we’ve kept Americans informed. What can we expect from the Biden-Harris administration?

A new era of normal Cuba relations under Biden and Harris?

Joe and Kamala pledged they would swiftly undo four years of Trump imposed economic and travel restrictions, increase US Embassy staff levels in Havana and allow greater engagement between the States and Cuba.

Sadly, their words proved to be false campaign promises. Instead, they enforce Trump’s 243 economic restrictions against the Cuban people and add more of their own!

What does this mean for US tourists?

Fortunately, while Cuba visits are somewhat more complicated under Trump and Biden, travel to Cuba remains completely legal and relatively easy.

The best time to plan a Cuba visit is now as Covid is in retreat

By the end of 2021, Cuba’s entire population will be fully vaccinated. Likely the island will hold the honor of being the first nation to make this claim.

Licensed Cuba tour operators organize trips featuring social and outdoor adventures sensitive to COVID-19 safety practices without sacrificing Cuba’s tropical charms. You’ll still enjoy dance, music, rum, cigars, museums, and historical sites, just in a more intimate fashion. Close-knit, comfy, and caring travel is the new normal for Cuban vacations.

Did Trump ban travel to Cuba? Are Cuba visits still possible?

While Trump did everything possible to make island visits complicated, he couldn’t make them illegal, nor can Biden. The US Constitution prevented them from doing so.

Meaningful Cuba travel options remain. The longstanding twelve categories of authorized Cuba travel are intact. Licensed US tour agencies will help with all the paperwork and ensure your trip conforms to current regulations.

AfroCuban school boy in Havana.
Black Lives Matter in Cuba

Academic travel to Cuba has not changed. Students, teachers, school staff, and chaperones can come to Cuba just like study abroad in Canada, Asia, or Europe.

The popular categories of Support for the Cuban People, Humanitarian Projects, Religious Activities, Professional Research, and Journalism are wonderful ways to witness Cuba, engage with its people while partaking in their culture.

What is legal Cuba travel, how does it work, who is in charge?

Bronze logo medallion of US Department of Treasury.
US Cuba sanctions official website

The US Department of Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) enforces Cuba travel regulations. OFAC allows for twelve themes under which Americans can legally visit Cuba without any government documentation or permission in advance. The twelve categories are known as “general license” travel.

There is no actual license or paper issued. It is an honor system. If the purpose of your Cuba travel falls under any of the twelve pre-approved Cuba travel categories, you can hop on a plane and visit Cuba. It’s that simple.

What are the 12 categories of authorized travel to Cuba?

Office of Foreign Assets Control Cuba travel restrictions booklet.
PDF of OFAC Cuba travel restrictions
  • Support for the Cuban People (the most popular category for American guests)
  • Educational Activities (study abroad for students, teachers, and school staff)
  • Professional Research. (Professional Meetings attendance now requires special permission in advance of travel.)
  • Public Performances, Clinics, Workshops, Athletic and other competitions, and Exhibitions. (This category now requires special permission in advance of travel.)
  • Journalistic Activity (for electronic and print media reporters)
  • Humanitarian Projects
  • Religious Activities
  • Family Visits (connecting with close relatives in Cuba)
  • Activities of private foundations or research or educational institutes
  • Exportation, importation, or transmission of information or information materials
  • Certain authorized export transactions (for businesses and NGOs)
  • Official business of the US government, foreign governments, and certain intergovernmental organizations

List of Cuba travel ‘dos’ and ‘don’ts’

Sad and worried young man.
Banned by Trump: Cuban hotel list
  • While in Cuba, your activities must focus on full-time engagement in the licensed travel category of travel you choose.
  • Purely touristic travel such as sunning on Cuba’s sugary white sand beaches, swimming in its crystal clear warm waters, and lounging about all day sipping mojitos, is strictly forbidden.
  • Best not to stay in Cuban hotels banned by Trump. Click worried boy for the list.
  • Trump and Biden outlaw Cuban rum and Cuban cigars. While these sumptuous items are illegal in the United States you can enjoy them during your Cuba stay.

What are the simplest and best ways to visit Cuba legally?

On your own. Cuba is an ideal destination for sojourners with foreign travel under their belt and ample planning time. If you speak fluent Spanish, independent travel is tops.

Design your own custom private Cuba trip in collaboration with a legitimate tour operator. If you, your family, and friends prioritize time and economy, collaborating with a Cuba travel agent or tour operator will ensure unrivaled rewards. Cuba travel professionals provide the best cultural experiences, entertainment options, meals, accommodations, transportation, and health-conscious guides.

Prepaid small group Cuba travel packages guarantee your Cuba trip conforms to US legal requirements. Small group tours, hosted by US agencies, are nearly all-inclusive, incredibly economical, and offer tons of cultural encounters in a brief period – many more than the most inveterate traveler could assemble on their own.

How do I choose a legitimate Cuba agent or tour operator?

Learn about the secret lives of Cuban pygmy owls.
Cuban pygmy owl, our logo & mascot

We encourage potential Cuba visitors to browse the internet to shop and compare options. It’s fun and enlightening. You’ll find lots of travel agencies and tour operators with decades of professionalism, offering excellent services with a broad range of prices. Locate them on Google by searching “cuba tours for americans” or “cuba trips for americans”.

  • Ensure the tour operator is based in the United States and licensed to provide travel services to Americans.
  • The tour operator must issue a Certificate of Legal Cuba Travel, guaranteeing your trip conforms to current US Cuba travel regulations.
  • Travel companies come and go. Ask how long the travel provider has been in business. Don’t risk your precious travel dollars with fly-by-night operators.
  • Learn from the experiences of fellow travelers. Read tour operator’s TripAdvisor Forum reviews.
  • Ask your friends who’ve traveled to Cuba for their suggestions and recommendations.

Legal Cuba travel essentials for US citizens and residents

  • American visitors to Cuba require a valid passport.
  • Cuba visitors require an entry visa. Purchase a Cuban Tourist Visa here.
  • US credit and debit cards don’t work in Cuba. Plan trip expenses carefully. See Cash requirements and guidelines while in Cuba.  
  • US regulations require Americans to retain records of island activities and related expenses for five years.
  • Check out the Ultimate Cuba Travel Guide. A compilation of more than two decades of Cuba travel advice.

Have questions about legal Cuba travel? We’re here for you.

Call us at 1-888-965-5647 toll free. Email us. Or chat with us online.